Tuesday, May 7, 2013

Nero (Roman Emperor) Biography - Profile, Childhood, Personal Life

Birth Name: Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus
Name as Emperor: Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
Imperial Name: Imperator Nero Cladius Divi Claudius filius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
Known AS: Nero
Father: Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus
Mother: Agrippina the Younger (sister of Caligula)
Father: Claudius (stepfather, d. 13-Oct-54 AD murder)
Wife: Octavia (his adoptive sister, m. 53)
Mistress: Claudia Acte (ex-slave)
Wife: Poppaea Sabina (d. 66 AD murdered by Claudius)
Daughter: Claudia Augusta (b. 63 AD)
Date of Birth: 15 December 37
Birth Place: Antium, Italy
Date of Death: 09 June 68 (aged 30)
Death Place: Rome, Italy
Cause of Death: Suicide
Grave: Buried, Mausoleum of the Domitii Ahenobarbi, Pincian Hill, Rome
Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Emperor
Ruled: 13 October 54 – 09 June 68
Predecessor: Claudius
Nationality: Ancient Rome

Early Life:
Emperor Nero (37-68) was the last of the Julio-Claudian line of Roman emperors. Nero is best known for his mad self-indulgence and whimsical cruelty while emperor of Rome. He was born on 15 December 37 in Antium, Italy. Nero was the adopted son of the emperor Claudius. He was educated in the classical tradition by the philosopher Seneca and studied Greek, philosophy and rhetoric. In 49, Claudius married a fourth time, to Nero's mother Agrippina. In 50, Nero took the name Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus. In 54, Claudius died and Nero was established as Emperor with his taking the name Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus.

Later Life:
In 55, Agrippina attempted to intervene in favor of Octavia and demanded that her son dismiss Acte. Nero resisted the intervention of his mother by the support of Seneca. In 58, Nero became romantically involved with Poppaea Sabina, the wife of his friend and future emperor Otho. In 59, Agrippina was murdered at Nero’s command. In March 68, the governor Gaius Julius Vindex rebelled against Nero's tax policies. True or not but it is said, Nero "fiddling while Rome burned". Nero couldn't have played an actual fiddle, since the fiddle/violin wasn't invented until the 16th century. On 09 June 68, Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus committed suicide for the empire revolted. He was buried at Mausoleum of the Domitii Ahenobarbi, Pincian Hill, Rome.


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